It can be frustrating trying to combat myopia progression. Although it is quite clear how the condition develops, dependable treatments are still in the works. In addition, ortho-K is the only FDA-approved treatment for myopia in the U.S.
On the bright side, much global research is being conducted to help eye care professionals along as they monitor at-risk patients.
Currently, doctors have several options for effectively slowing the progression and combating myopia. These tools include eyeglasses, contact lenses, atropine therapy, corneal reshaping, and environmental changes.
Multifocal glasses can result in a 33 percent reduction in myopia progression in some patients. But, this may not be sufficient enough for some doctors with access to better options. In compared to glasses, contact lenses have been shown to slow myopia progress from 25 to 72 percent compared to glasses.
For kids with myopia, multifocal contact lenses can hinder nearsightedness progression by providing a more effective treatment solution. In fact, multifocal designs have been found to slow down progression by about 48 percent. Center distance lenses for children with myopia can halt or slow myopia progression.
Known as one of the best ways to control myopia, atropine therapy involves just one drop each day. This treatment is easy for most patients to manage. Low-dose therapy can be used in combination with another treatment or as a standalone. Atropine has been shown to slow myopia, but once treatment is stopped, the condition may return.
This is one of the more challenging approaches to myopia control since the cornea shape is physically altered with a special contact lens work overnight. It is important to continuously monitor a proper fit to avoid complications.
It has become evident that sunlight helps hinder the progression of myopia. In today’s world where kids are spending more time in front of electronic devices, it is no surprise they are not outdoors exposed to daylight, at least not like kids used to be. Therefore, it is important to get kids active outdoors for myopia control and many other reasons.
Clearly, there is not one solution that applies to every myopia patient. Parents, personality, and prescription are all key components in the treatment process.
No matter how parents decide to proceed, the most effective strategy to reduce myopia is prevention. Clinical trials suggest that there are benefits to less time spent on hand-held electronic devices and spending more time outdoors in the daylight.